INTRODUCTION TO MAPLE

Calculus + Home Page Interactive Maple V (Maple 6) Sample Lesson

Maple V, Release 5, or Maple 6 is an extensive Computer Algebra System (CAS). Maple system is an ongoing project of the Symbolic Computation Group at the University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Like any other Computer Algebra System, Maple has numeric, symbolic and graphic features. In addition, Maple V, Release 5, or Maple 6 has spreadsheet and sophisticated text features that include mathematical characters and symbols. Using the text feature, a user can create a complete sophisticated technical report. The Maple V (or 6) worksheet is an integrated environment in which you interactively solve a problem and document your work. Maple can maintain and manipulate symbols and expressions, which could be used to obtain exact analytical solutions to many mathematical problems including limits, derivatives, integrals and differential equations. It can also handle more complex data structures, such as sequences, lists, arrays, matrices, tables and strings. Its extensive graphics routines allow us to visualize complicated mathematical information. It has a comprehensive programming language for developing custom made functions and applications. Palettes, special boxes of predefined templates that can help you create expressions, commands, special characters and matrices are also included in the worksheet interface. Maple has more than 40 built-in packages such as finance, linear algebra and statistics.

Maple is a command driven system, which means you communicate with Maple using commands. Maple is written in the C-language and hence it is case-sensitive meaning upper and lower case letters are treated as distinct characters.

Maple has an extensive context sensitive Help feature. Maple comes with a complete interactive reference manual, the on-line Help system, which allows you to explore Maple’s commands and features by name or by subject.

Maple supports standard mouse operations such as opening, closing, saving, copying and printing a file, which are very similar to those in word processing. Those who are not familiar with basic Maple operations may refer to the following paragraphs titled "Getting Started."

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Getting Started

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When you start Maple, you see Maple’s Logo followed by a blank screen with a > prompt and the cursor next to it. That is where you enter the command. The prompt is not a part of the Maple command and should not be typed. Upon typing a command always end with a semicolon (;). The semicolon is called a terminator and tells Maple that you have completed the command and Maple should produce the output after you press the Enter key.

Pointers on Using Maple  

Maple has three different modes: Text mode (which is a non-executable region), active mode (which is the executable input region), and inert math mode (which can be switched between non-executable and executable modes).

bulletText region: To get the text mode for typing text and comments, click the mouse pointer (with left button) at the T icon on the top row of toolbar.
bulletActive Region: This is a default mode of Maple indicated by the > prompt. For a new input region or to return from a Text region, click the [> icon on the tool bar.

        

Back to Top Calculus + Home Page Interactive Maple V (Maple 6) Sample Lesson

 

To change from inert to active math, place the cursor on the expression, then click the Maple leaf icon on the bottom row of toolbar. To execute the statement, click the [! icon on the bottom row of toolbar.

To change from active to inert math place the cursor on the expression and then click the maple leaf icon on the bottom row of toolbar.

NOTE: In either inert or active mode you may write the expression in standard (pretty) math or computer math (using ^, *, etc.) by placing the cursor on the expression, then clicking the [x icon on the bottom row of toolbar

bulletInert Math Region: This allows you to type mathematical formulas as a part of the text and then switch back and forth between this mode and the active executable mode. To get the inert math mode, click the T icon and then the S icon on the top tool bar. What you type will appear on the second row of tool bar. No semi-colon is required at the end of the inert math statement. To place the expression in your Maple worksheet press <enter>. To type text on the same line after the expression, click the T icon.
bulletLine Editing: Use the four arrow keys on the right side of the keyboard to move up, down, left and right. The delete and backspace keys can be used to change the line’s content.
bulletSave: To save the program on you disk, insert your disk in the a:drive, and click File followed by Save on the menu-bar. In the dialog box that appears, enter a:filename. The extension mws is supplied by Maple.
bulletPrint: To print a hardcopy, click the printer icon on the toolbar. A dialog box appears. Follow the directions in the dialog box.
bulletCopy and Paste: This feature reduces a great amount of inputting commands requiring minor modifications. To copy and paste, first highlight the required block by clicking the mouse pointer at the beginning of the block and dragging the mouse pointer holding down the left button to the end of the block. Then click the copy icon on the tool bar (next right to the scissors or cut - icon.) Position the cursor at the place where you want to paste. Click the paste icon on the tool bar next to the copy icon.
bulletDelete: Highlight the required block and press the delete key.
bulletPalettes: For special characters and symbols, click View on the menu-bar and select palettes. A grid will appear on the screen. Select what you need and click exactly where you want to have this symbol or character appear.

Learn to use the toolbar of Maple V (Maple 6). Click on each button on the toolbar and read its description as it appears on the activity bar at the bottom of the screen.

Back to Top Calculus + Home Page Interactive Maple V (Maple 6) Sample Lesson